Petroleum Engineering is a special field of Engineering, it deals with finding a certain or particular minerals deposits consist of fuels such as petroleum and natural gas, removing them from the ground and processing them into useful products. Those who takes career in petroleum Engineering are called Petroleum Engineers.
Petroleum Engineers involve in locating of petroleum deposits. They engage in drilling wells, production, transportation and storage of oil and natural gas.
A Petroleum Engineer is involved in nearly all the stages of oil and gas field evaluation, development and production. Their aim is to maximize hydrocarbon recovery at minimum cost, while maintaining a strong emphasis on reducing environmental impact.
CAREER OPPORTUNITY AREAS
Oil Exploration Industries: Petroleum Engineer can work in an oil exploration industry as;
1.Petroleum geologist; Who find hydrocarbon by analyzing subsurface structures with geological and geophysical method, they work closely with geologist on oilfield development.
2. Reservoir Engineers; These are petroleum engineers that works to optimize production of oil and gas via proper well placement, production levels and enhanced oil recovery techniques. They employ computer simulations to assist in the identification of risks and to make forecast on reservoir potential.
3. Production Engineers; These Petroleum Engineers serve as oil producing engineers to manage the interface between the reservoir .and the well through such tasks as perforations, sand control, artificial lift. They also select surface equipment that separate the produced fluids (oil, natural gas and water)
4. Drilling Engineers; They manage the technical aspect of drilling, both production and injection wells. They work in multidisciplinary teams alongside other engineers, scientists, drilling teams and contractors
Mining Industries; Petroleum Engineers can be employed in mining industries ranges from multinationals to one-person companies, who undertake drilling work on an international scale.
Research Institutes and Training Centers: Petroleum training institutes and materials and minerals resource centers can employ a petroleum engineer
Teaching and Research in Colleges and Universities: Petroleum Engineer can study further to the PhD level to qualify for teaching and research in the university.
The work of a Petroleum engineer can take you to all over the world in learning and research from Africa to Eastern Europe and the Middle East.
English Language, mathematics, Physics, Chemistry and any other science subject.
Some of the training institutions requires Further Mathematics
Course of study leading to the award of Bachelors of Engineering (B. Eng.) career in Petroleum Engineering lasts for duration of five years