Microbiology deals with the study of microscopic organisms which include Algae, Bacteria, Protozoa, Viruses and Yeast which are sometimes called microbes because they cannot be seen without a microscope.
The specialist who takes career in the field are called Microbiologist. Microbiologist studies the relationship between microscopic organisms (microbes) and man, animal and plant. Areas of study in microbiology include Medical microbiology which investigate roles of microorganism in human and animal diseases and seek the means to prevent and cure them. Dental microbiology which investigate microorganism found in the mouth and their role in tooth decay. Industrial microbiology which focuses the use of microorganisms to produce such product like Alcoholic beverages, amino-acid, anti-biotics, citric acid and vitamin C. Agricultural microbiology studies plant diseases, the role microorganisms in soil fertility and spoilage of farm product
Introduction: as in career guide
Microbiology work in almost every industry and have many different responsibilities, microbiologist find jobs in many places like research and development laboratories of government and private hospitals, research organization, pharmaceutical, food, beverages and chemical company.
CAREER OPPORTUNITIES INCLUDE:
1. Ministry of Agriculture and Natural Resources: Agricultural microbiologist are employed in the ministry of agriculture because they studied plant diseases, the role of microorganisms in soil fertility and spoilage of farm products hence they serve the general public in their prevention and core.
2.Hospitals: Medical Microbiologist studies the role played by micro-organisms in inflicting diseases in human and animals. They research and investigate these organisms to find ways to cure and present occurrence of these diseases; they equally perform research on vaccines, antiserum and products of biological origin.
3. Ministry of Health: Graduates of microbiology are employed by the federal, state and local government health ministry to control the spread of communicable diseases, they often monitor community food establishment and water supplies in an attempt to keep them safe and free from infectious disease agents, and ensure the proper disposal of sewage.
4. Manufacturing industries: Microbiologist works in industries producing products such as alcoholic beverages, amino acids, citric acids, vitamin C and antibiotics etc. with the help of micro – organisms.
5. Food producing firms: Food microbiologists work in the food industry and study microorganisms that cause food borne illness and spoilage. They work in food and diary microbiology to prevent microbial spoilage of food and transmission of food borne diseases. They also use micro – organisms to make foods such as cheese, yoghurts, wine and beer.
6. Forensic science laboratories: Microbiologist works in forensic science lab to provide impartial scientific evidence for use in courts of law to support the prosecution or defense in criminal and civil investigations.
They are primarily concerned with searching for and examining contact trace materials associated with a crime such as blood or other body fluids; hairs; paints and glass tigre marks.
7. Science writer: – microbiologist can work independently as science writer to write and edit scientific news, articles and features. They write for business, trade and professional, specialist scientific and technical journals and the general media.
8. Freelance writing: - As a science writer, a microbiologist can write as freelancer on sites such as fiverr.com odesk.com freelance.com, iwriter.com and get paid in dollars.
9. Teaching and research in universities, colleges and polytechnics: Microbiologist can be employed is teach biology in schools also by possessing a master’s degree may be employed in institutions of higher learning such as colleges and universities
10. Self-employment: A microbiologist can set up microbiological laboratories and help in diagnosing diseases.
They conduct research studies for government agencies where there is a sudden outbreak of any epidemic disease. They also investigate the body’s defense against disease to answer basic questions about bacterial growth metabolism, diversity and evolution.
NOTE: Remember that many employers accept applications from graduates with any degree subject, so don’t restrict your thinking to the jobs listed here.
COURSE REQUIREMENTS: Five ‘0’ Level/Equivalent credit passes in English Language, Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry and Biology.
v MICROBIOLOGY is a programmed of study in the faculty of science, it takes 4 years duration leading to the award of Bachelor’s degree (B.Sc.).